|Last updated: 23/11/2015|
The International Treaty is an operational Treaty, which establishes functional systems (in particular the Multilateral System of Access and Benefit-Sharing). It needs to process hundreds of daily transactions on a concrete, practical and coherent manner by numerous actors and institutions. The success and future of the International Treaty depends on this practical functioning of its systems.
The national and regional implementation of the Treaty’s Multilateral System of Access and Benefit-Sharing requires extensive capacity building at the different policy and administrative levels. Capacity building initiatives should include a broad range of activities, including legislative advice, administrative support, infrastructure building and human resources development.
Contracting Parties have to deal with the particular issues arising in the implementation of the International Treaty and its Multilateral System of Access and Benefit-Sharing and many of those Contracting Parties that are developing countries seek assistance in the task of developing new institutional, legal and administrative infrastructure to implement the International Treaty.
The joint capacity building programme has been designed and implemented to respond to some of those requests for assistance, based on priorities established by the Governing Body and available funding. The programme is coordinated by the Secretary of the International Treaty and jointly executed by FAO and Bioversity International. The programme operates through close partnerships with relevant regional organizations and Treaty national focal points.
Based on available funding and requests for assistance, the joint capacity building programme, over the first two years of its existence, has improved knowledge of the structure and mechanisms of the Multilateral System among regional and national stakeholders, and upgraded the institutional, legal and administrative infrastructure for operation of the Multilateral System in selected regional organizations and countries. Results under this first phase of the joint capacity building programme include an increasing level of engagement in Treaty processes by regional organizations and recipient countries; a number of implementing legal and administrative schemes in place; and a number of notifications of inclusion of material in the Multilateral System.
The short-term direct beneficiaries are the agricultural government authorities of the countries receiving direct assistance under the joint capacity building programme. Longer-term direct beneficiaries are the individuals and organizations in the countries concerned which, with strengthened capacity to use the Multilateral System, have access to an exponentially greater diversity of plant genetic resources for food and agriculture. Farmers, for example, can deploy those resources into the diversity they manage on farm. Researchers are free to use it as inputs for breeding or for evaluation work, identifying and deploying useful traits.
The ultimate beneficiaries are present and future generations who will benefit from proper implementation of the International Treaty and its Multilateral System, and from improved flows of plant genetic resources for food and agriculture to face new challenges to food security, such as climate change.