|Last updated: 23/05/2013|
At its Fourth Meeting in November 2012, the Ad Hoc Advisory Technical Committee on the Standard Material Transfer Agreement and the Multilateral System (Committee) had considered, among other agenda items, options for reflecting clarifications or interpretation of the Standard Material Transfer Agreement (SMTA).
El objeto de esta notificación es recordarle las decisiones que se dirigen a las Partes Contratantes en relación con el Sistema Multilateral de acceso y distribución de beneficios.
L'objet de la présente notification est d'attirer votre attention sur les décisions relatives au Système multilatéral d’accès et de partage des avantages qui concernent les Parties contractantes.
The purpose of this notification is to bring to your attention decisions that are addressed to Contracting Parties in relation to the Multilateral System of Access and Benefit-sharing.
This chapter discusses the crop-related payment established by Article 6.11 of the Standard Material Transfer Agreement (SMTA), as adopted by the Governing Body of the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (ITPGRFA or the Treaty). It argues that this option, based on a proposal by the African group, might be attractive for recipients and important to generate funding for benefit sharing under the Treaty.
Plant breeding started about 9000 to 11,000 years ago when man started with the domestication of wild plants. Farmers and growers tried to improve their crops with desired traits through trial and error. The evolutionary theories of Darwin and the genetic experiments of Mendel that were developed at the end of the 19th century gave a further impulse to plant breeding and made it more efficient. During the 20th century breeding science was further improved through knowledge of genetics, plant pathology and entomology (Bruins, 2009). The development of hybrids (starting around 1920) was the first technology in plant breeding to offer better plant varieties to growers and farmers.
European positions in the negotiations on the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture (ITPGRFA) (hereafter the Treaty) were strongly influenced by developments in European agriculture during the last century. In particular since the 1960s, as a result of the creation of the European Community and its Common Agricultural Policy, the face of agriculture in Europe changed profoundly, characterized by major-scale increases in production, a strong increase in the use of external inputs at the farm and the development of a strong breeding industry making use of the latest technologies.
The International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture is a pivotal piece of recent legislation, providing a route map for the use of such resources for sustainable agriculture and food security. This book explains the different interests and views at stake between all players in the global food chain. It touches upon many issues such as international food governance and policy, economic aspects of food and seed trade, conservation and sustainable use of food and agricultural biodiversity, hunger alleviation, ecological concerns, consumer protection, fairness and equity across nations and between generations, plant-breeding techniques and socio-economic benefits related to food local economies
|Le Secrétariat du Traité international a organisé une réunion d'information pour vingt administrateurs des banques phytogénétiques des institutions qui ont signé des accords avec l'Organe directeur conformément à l'article 15 du Traité international sur les politiques et sur d'autres questions juridiques importantes au cours d'une réunion de coordination organisée à Rome.|