|Last updated: 06/12/2013|
This book touches upon wide-ranging issues, such as international food policies and governance, economic and social aspects of food and seed trade, conservation and sustainable use of agricultural biodiversity, hunger alleviation, ecological concerns, consumer protection, fairness and equity between nations and among generations, plant breeding techniques and climate change adaptation. It provides for an extensive overview of the ITPGRFA negotiating and implementation process, undertaken by the stakeholders themselves. The authors identified challenges faced by the ITPGRFA and its community of stakeholders during this new and exciting phase of implementation, and explained the different interests and views of the major players in the global food chain.
This document seeks the advice from the Ad Hoc Advisory Committee on the Funding Strategy on the design and structure of the third call for proposals, in particular the annotated outline of the next call for proposals included in Annex 1 of this document.
|El anuncio se ha realizado en la Conferencia Río+20 21 de junio de 2012, Río de Janeiro - La Unión Europea apoya con 5 millones de euros (6,5 millones de dólares EEUU) al Fondo de Distribución de Beneficios del Tratado Internacional sobre los Recursos Fitogenéticos para la Alimentación y la Agricultura, según informó hoy la FAO.|
|L’annonce a été faite à la Conférence Rio+20|
|Support under plant genetics treaty fund announced during Rio+20 21 June 2012, Rio de Janeiro - The European Union is contributing €5 million euros (6.5 million dollars) towards the Benefit-sharing Fund of the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, FAO announced today, at a high-level ministerial meeting on the plant treaty at the Rio+20 United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development.|
This lesson is part of “Educational Module 2 – Conservation and Sustainable Use under the International Treaty”. It familiarizes learners with the technical background on conservation and sustainable use of plant genetic resources for food and agriculture (PGRFA). It discusses the importance of crop diversity for global food security and presents complementary conservation methods and their relative advantages and disadvantages. The lesson further elaborates on the concept of sustainable use of crop diversity, and highlights the linkage between conservation and sustainable use.
This is the second in a comprehensive series of educational modules on the International Treaty. Highlighting the importance of crop diversity for food security, it examines the provisions of the International Treaty dealing with conservation and sustainable use of crop diversity in detail and presents examples for their implementation. The lessons of Educational Module 2 provide technical aspects for learners with more of a political background in agriculture, and illustrate the legal framework of the International Treaty to learners that have more of a research and scientific background related to PGRFA. “Conservation and Sustainable Use under the International Treaty” has been produced under the coordination of the Secretariat through a participatory process involving international experts and stakeholders from all regions.
Crop genetic diversity — which is crucial for feeding humanity, for the environment and for sustainable development — is being lost at an alarming rate. Given the enormous interdependence of countries and generations on this genetic diversity, this loss raises critical socio-economic, ethical and political questions. The recent ratification of a binding international treaty, and the development of powerful new technologies to conserve and use resources more effectively, have raised expectations that must now be fulfilled.
The expansion of agrofuel production has been cited as a leading cause of the current food (price) crisis in Asia. Critics argue that the widespread cultivation of agrofuel crops takes more and more land away from food production, thus reducing the global food supply and causing food price increases.
This study provides an analysis of the issues, options and associated challenges in onfarm management of plant diversity and in situ conservation of crop wild relatives (CWR), particularly in developing countries. At the national level, development of landraces (LR) and CWR conservation strategies is an option, while taking into account local needs and indigenous knowledge of farmers and providing the necessary resources for long term commitment. At its core would be a national network of conservation sites to maintain LR and CWR diversity. At the international level, a call to establish a global network for the in situ conservation of the CWR diversity of crops important for food security is reiterated.