|Last updated: 02/09/2014|
The purpose of this chapter is to provide a general analysis of the comments made by the authors of the book chapters in the ongoing implementation of the Treaty. The reader will have noticed that, on the one hand, many authors remain fairly optimistic about the Treaty and note that considerable progress has been achieved in a very short period of time, even beyond their initial expectation. On the other hand, some authors, while recognizing that the Treaty is a useful and flexible instrument, point at the risk that the lack of appropriate and quick decisions and actions to speed up the implementation process may lead to a decreased level of confidence in the general framework set up by the Treaty. Most of them recognize that it is now the moment to advance on its implementation.
This document contains a question received by the Committee from one of its members during its third meeting in June 2012: Can a genebank collect, conserve, and distribute samples of plant varieties protected by plant breeder’s rights (PBRs), without the right holder’s consent, using the Standard Material Transfer Agreement (SMTA), in the jurisdiction where the PBRs apply and in other jurisdictions?
This report takes the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture as a point of departure and analyses achievements, gaps and needs with regard to its implementation in Norway, with focus on its provisions on farmers’ rights. Although much crop genetic diversity has been lost in Norway, substantial efforts are being made to save what is left, and to ensure farmers’ rights. Regulations on plant varieties and seed marketing represent some of the barriers, but much depends on how they will be implemented in the time to come. Traditional knowledge is disappearing, despite efforts to stop this. A consolidated strategy is lacking. Economic incentive structures are not yet in place, except for some ‘seed money’, so most of the work is based on pure idealism. Farmers involved in crop genetic diversity could participate more actively in decision making if they were better organized. The system of public consultation is seriously challenged by Norway’s EEA membership, due to the high ‘turnover’ of decisions requiring implementation at the national level, lack of transparency, and because Norwegian opinions on decisions from the EU carry so little weight. To achieve a say in these matters, it would probably be more useful to work together with other European organizations involved in this issue-area. Nevertheless, much has happened in recent years to facilitate the realization of farmers’ rights and enhance the pool of crop genetic resources available to farmers.
La Secretaría del Tratado Internacional sobre los Recursos Fitogenéticos para la Alimentación y la Agricultura se complace en anunciar el curso "enfoques contemporáneos para la conservación de los recursos genéticos y el uso", organizado por la Universidad de Wageningen del 15 de abril al 3 de mayo de 2013.
Le Secrétariat du Traité international sur les ressources phytogénétiques pour l'alimentation et l'agriculture a le plaisir d'annoncer le lancement du cours de formation «Approches contemporaines de conservation et utilisation des ressources génétiques», organisé par l'Université de Wageningen du 15 Avril au 3 Mai 2013.
The Secretariat of the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture is pleased to announce the 2013 course “Contemporary approaches to genetic resources conservation and use” organized by the Wageningen University from 15 April to 3 May 2013.
The loss of crop diversity endangers agricultural productivity, food security and our ability to adapt to the pace of environmental change. Conservation and use of crop diversity globally strengthens farmer’s capacity to adapt to a changing climate and to feed a growing population.
This lesson is part of “Educational Module 2 – Conservation and Sustainable Use under the International Treaty”. It illustrates a range of options for the implementation of articles 5 and 6 of the International Treaty, presenting concrete activities that contribute to the conservation and sustainable use of crop genetic resources. The lesson takes the learner to the fictitious country of Develania where a number of Develanian stakeholders, including a gene bank manager, a plant breeder, a chairman of a farmers’ association and a chef, guide the learner through their respective activities.
This lesson is part of “Educational Module 2 – Conservation and Sustainable Use under the International Treaty”. Complementary to lesson 2, this lesson provides the learner with insight on further components of the International Treaty that directly support articles 5 and 6. It focuses in particular on the role of the Second Global Plan of Action as a key instrument for the implementation of the provisions on conservation and sustainable use of the International Treaty, and presents the main decisions of the Governing Body with regard to conservation and sustainable use of PGRFA.
This lesson is part of “Educational Module 2 – Conservation and Sustainable Use under the International Treaty”. It explains the measures to promote conservation and sustainable use of PGRFA as contained in the provisions of articles 5 and 6 of the International Treaty in detail. It indicates for each measure the corresponding priority activity areas of the Second Global Plan of Action where detailed policy recommendations can be found. The lesson is further illustrated with examples of projects supported by the Benefit-sharing Fund that focus on on-farm management and sustainable use.